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INFANCY (Part I)

Ma. Jocelyn G. Gayares, M.D., D.P.B.P., F.P.P.A.

Child, Adolescent and Adult Psychiatrist

 

 

General Objectives

         To integrate the various aspects of growth and development of an infant

 

Specific Objectives

1.       To know the different categories of normal behavioral development

2.       To describe the motor and sensory behavior of an infant

3.       To describe the adaptive behavior of an infant

4.       To describe the comprehensive and expressive abilities of an infant

5.       To describe the comprehensive and expressive abilities of an infant

6.       To know the different temperamental differences among infants

7.       To define parental fit

 

“Infant”

         New born to 1 year old

 

Normal Development

         Gross motor – body mastery

         Fine motor – manipulative skills and eye-hand coordination

         Language

         Personal and social

 

Age

Gross Motor

Fine Motor

Language

Personal/social

1 mos

 

Hands partially open or fisted

Throaty noises

Regard

2

Holds head

Grasp toy when placed in hand; Hands no longer fisted

 

Social smile

Responds to mother more

3

Turns head

Clasps hands together

Musical cooing

 

4

Holds head

 

squeals

Actively smiles

5

Roll over

Reaches out for toys

 

laughs

6

Sit with support

Transfer toy from one hand to another

 

Feed self (biscuit)

7

Holds 2 toys at once

Sit alone

Bounces

 

Vocalizes da, ma, ba

Stranger anxiety

Discovers genitals

Uncovers toy hidden by cloth

8

Creeps

 

Understands “no”

Feeds self (bottle)

9

Pulls self to standing

Bangs toys together

Says “mama”, “dada”, as names

Separation anxiety

Plays social games (peek-a-boo, bye-bye)

10

Cruise

Pincer grasp

1 other word

Examines and pokes toys

11

Walks with help

Takes cover from boxes

 

Plays simple ball games (roll)

12

Walks alone

 

2-3 other words

 

 

Developmental Milestones

1.       Regard

2.       Smile

3.       Turns head

4.       Holds head

5.       Roll over

6.       Transfer objects

7.       Sit alone

8.       Creeps

9.       Pull up

10.   Cruise

11.   Walk with support

12.   Stand alone